Psychological trauma is literally damage done to an individual’s mind. The damage can be caused by an event or situation, one so stressful and overwhelming that the brain loses some control over the body. The person then experiences physical symptoms as outward manifestations of the anxiety within.
Regardless of their age, social status, race or education level, females are statistically more prone to experiencing traumatic events precisely because of their gender. To cope, females may tend to develop substance dependence.
Numerous studies over the past 30 years have established that there is a definite link between trauma and alcoholism and/or drug addiction. In fact, many substance abuse treatment facilities treat trauma and addiction as co-occurring disorders.